Chile among the top 25 areas with the greatest marine biodiversity in the world

A complete inventory of species and their distribution in the 25 areas with the highest marine biodiversity in the world, published this week the Census of Marine Life, in the journal PLoS ONE, in a preview of the final report of the first survey of its kind that will be announced soon, after 10 years of research.

The study reveals that there is still widespread ignorance about life in the oceans of the world, while areas with lower biodiversity, such as Patagonia Argentina and Arctic totaling some 3,000 species , the richest, such as Australia and Japan reach 33,000.

In South America, the Humboldt Flow, which covers biodiversity of the Chilean and Peruvian coasts, total 10,186 species, most crustaceans, fish and molluscs, which globally account for almost half of living beings counted, says Patricia Miloslavich , co-senior scientist of the global report of the census.

Miloslavich, says that while the overall report of the area that includes the Chilean coast-Humboldt Flow- is still in progress, the data collected so far is located in the global average of marine biodiversity, set at 10,000 species. “Among the interesting discoveries in Chile is the one of the megabacteria, conducted by the U. of Concepción “says Miloslavich.

The overall census has so far 230 thousand marine species, of which more than a thousand are completely unknown, while other hundreds found are unclassified.