Colombia, a world power in birds

 Colombia established itself as the most biodiverse country in the bird world. The country overcame the barrier of 1,900 species discovered. 206 of them are endangered.

According to Proaves Foundation, the country surpassed the 1,900 species.

To be exact, are 1,903 kinds of birds that have chosen the area as their home. The figure was revealed in the sixth version of the Colombian Bird List, drawn from national experts, from the U.S. and Europe, and has just been released by this organization.

One of the most recent identified species was a kelp gull (Larus dominicanus), sighted in La Guajira earlier this year. The discovery was made during a birdwatching trip and was also reported in the 19th edition of the journal “Conservation Colombiana”.

The national territory is home to almost a fifth, 18 percent, of the 10,507 birds known on Earth. This just in 0.8 percent of the Earth’s surface. The country is almost double the number registered in the U.S. and Canada (976), nations that possess almost eight times larger territory species. Colombia follows by Peru, home to 1,838 species, and Brazil with 1,798.

Of the 1,903 birds in national territory 1,850 have photographic record. For Alonso Quevedo, director of Proaves Foundation, and Thomas Donegan, researcher , said that a better security in some regions of the country has significantly improved research and sightings. “With the rise of ecotourism and scientific explorations in those remote regions by Colombian ornithologists certainly the list of Colombian birds will continue to increase.”

The country began on the 60s with 1,556 species. In the year 2000 it had increased to 1,865 and 1,879 in 2010.

Although the list of the birds of Colombia and the discovery of rare species has risen, the situation for the bird habitats in Colombia and its primary forests are becoming less secure.

“It is worrying that 206 bird species in Colombia are in danger of extinction, including 59 endemic bird species and restricted only to the country,” said Paul Salaman, director of Rainforest Trust and also another co-author of the Bird List since 2001. The biggest threats are the expansion of oil palm plantations and deforestation.

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