According to a recent study, 30% of the ecosystems in Costa Rica are under some kind of threat, necessitating the need to take action to avoid the loss of key ecosystems.
The report “Red List of Ecosystems”, prepared by experts from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE), was presented at the IV Mesoamerican Congress on Protected Areas, which concludes tomorrow in Costa Rica.
The director of the Latin American Chair of Protected Areas and Biological Corridors CATIE, Bernal Herrera, explained that the main threat to Costa Rican ecosystems is reducing natural territory due to land use.
As indicated by the expert, among the most threatened ecosystems detected were the forests of the plains area of Tortuguero (Caribbean), the plains of San Carlos (north), and the rainforests of the Osa Peninsula.
With the study as a guide, the next step is to generate a set of recommendations to retain or reverse the negative effects.
“The main thing is that we have to prioritize those ecosystems that are threatened. Moreover, we need to make investments in conservation strategies and reduce pressures on the biodiversity,” said Herrera.
He added that each affected area should be treated locally by involving communities for a proposal on how to reverse the impacts they are having in these areas.
The representative of IUCN Protected Areas, José Courrau, said, “This is a mechanism to understand the effects of climate change and human action on ecosystems.”
The areas that were the best include the Amistad International Park, a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 1983 and the Santa Rosa National Park in the northwestern province of Guanacaste (Pacific).
“We have to assess those areas that have positive aspects, which has allowed them to stay stable, learn from them and transfer those practices to other places where more efforts are needed,” Herrera said.
Source | The Costa Rican News (TCRN)