Just because the consumption of fossil fuels, Venezuela recorded the highest emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) per capita in Latin America: 6.9 tonnes per capita in 2010, much higher than the figure recorded in Argentina (4.5), Mexico (3.8), Brazil (2.2), Peru (2.0) and Colombia (1.6).
Venezuela also emits 0.57 kg of CO2 per dollar of gross domestic product (GDP), up from Argentina (0.27), Brazil (0.2), Peru (0.2) and Colombia (0.14) . This implies “lower economic efficiency per unit of CO2 emitted by power consumption.”
This is what researcher and professor at the Universidad Los Andes, Julio César Centeno details of a document elaborated based on figures from the World Bank (WB), the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO).
The report details between 2000 and 2010 were deforested in Venezuela 280,000 hectares of green areas per year, contributing more than 100 million additional tons of CO2 per year, bringing the average to more than ten tons per capita.
“Venezuela is well placed among the 20 most polluting countries in the world in CO2 emissions per person,” reads the document. According to the Ministry of Popular Power for the Environment between 2006 and 2013, 40,000 hectares were reforested through the Tree Mission, equivalent to 2% of the 2 million hectares lost in the same period by the advance of deforestation.
“Urge the definition of a national policy to significantly reduce Venezuela’s contribution to global warming, stop deforestation and destruction of the genetic patrimony of the nation, improve the energy efficiency of the national economy and minimize wastage of electricity, petrol, diesel and natural gas, “says Venezuelan researcher.
“One of the most urgent action is to foster a truly national plan for the greening of the nation, with the planting of at least 6 million hectares over the next 20 years, especially in the major river basins to ensure water supply future generations, using mixtures of native species in each area to reconstruct similar permanent forests that once existed in these territories, “the report.
The consumption of each barrel of oil emits on average 420 kilograms of CO2. The cost of mitigating such emissions is less than one dollar per barrel, said Centeno.
Source | El Universal