The South American country is focused on developing its energy potential from renewable sources. About 41% of the energy in this country is given by the inclusion of alternative energy such as wind plants.
Brazil has the second largest oil reserves in South America with 11.2 million barrels, and still is happening to the implementation of sustainable and natural resources.
At a recent conference at the University of São Paulo, Julieta Puerto Rico, a Colombian researcher based in Brazil explained, “the benchmark of 41% is not an immediate result, it is a process that takes several years.
For example, since 1975 has been working in the production of fuel alcohol in two varieties: anhydrous and hydrate, useful for vehicles, “said the expert in energy planning.
This does not mean that the Brazilian Federation is setting aside its oil production, however, this continues to occur, as it remains one of the engines of economic development in the region.
In her opinion, Brazil has gradually touched upon the topic of wind plants to supplement their hydraulic systems.
It has also made progress in implementing hydro, ethanol for cars and use of charcoal, which benefits the generation of electricity, with roughly 80% of hydropower is produced with support from thermoelectric plants.
So with the new bet on biofuels research has strengthened the import of fuels for energy production.
“They created their basic industries through institutions and strongly backed by the state agencies, such as Eletrobras and Petrobras, which still exist,” said Professor Puerto.
Eletrobras, but has strength of open profit, has control of the State, like Petrobras. There is even a steel industry supported by the State.
“This can be read as a tradition, but it also means that the State does not forsake, not completely leave the management of their natural resources to private enterprise,” concluded the researcher at the Institute for Energy and Environment at the University of São Paulo.
Source | http://www.dinero.com