A new analysis of satellite images indicate that deforestation in most Amazonian countries has increased dramatically in the last nine years. Although there was a sharp drop in deforestation in Brazil, it has increased considerably in other Amazonian countries.
The information was released by the team of researchers from Terra-i and the database and News InfoAmazonia, which presented updated maps of forest cover in eight South American countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, French Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. The report did not include Brazil, but this country has a system for monitoring deforestation also used satellite images.
Out of the eight countries surveyed, Peru had the highest loss of forest (162,000 hectares) in 2012. This represents an increase of 67% compared with deforestation in the previous year (97,000 ha) and an increase of over 300% compared with deforestation recorded in 2004 (39,200 ha).
Since 1978 the country accounts for about one-eighth of the forest cover in the Amazon and five percent of forest loss in the region.
Deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon significantly increased last year, according to a senior official.
In statements to the press about UN talks on climate change in Lima, Gustavo Suarez de Freitas of MINAM, Ministry of Environment of Peru, said that 145,000 hectares of forest were cleared last year, is a strong increase from average of 113,000 hectares per year since 2001.
Suárez de Freitas attributed to agriculture most of that loss.
Remarks came nearly a year and a half since Peru launched an evaluation of the recent loss of forests in the country. That explained the peak of deforestation between 2005 and 2009.
However, data from Global Forest Watch, an independent research system was led by Matthew Hansen, showed a peak in 2005, followed by a massive increase in 2012. It was not immediately clear if Suarez de Freitas was referring to data from 2012 or 2013.
Anyway, the signs indicate that deforestation tends to grow in Peru. Traditionally, livestock has been an important direct factor for forest loss, while logging has been an important secondary impeller. Recent infrastructure projects, including the paving of the Transoceanic Highway, may be a factor in the increase in forest loss.
Other prominent in environmental degradation, guides includes mining and oil palm plantations; to date only affect relatively small areas in the Peruvian Amazon.
Source | es.mongabay.com