A study published by the Center for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and BirdLife International places Ecuador among the eight countries account for more than half of the overall deterioration in terms of bird conservation , mammals and amphibians.
Research by seven science was published on 26 November, and is an assessment of the performance of countries in fulfilling their responsibilities in biodiversity compared to the number of species that exist in each country.
It is based on data collected and processed by the IUCN Red List from 1980 to 2008, and focuses exclusively on vertebrates, especially mammals, birds and amphibians. Ecuador is on the list, which is focused on supporting countries in their actions towards improving the ecosystem, to protect species at risk of extinction.
Under this criterion, the study on the state of the global conservation of vertebrates, has emphasized the importance of implementing projects to eradicate invasive species, promote biosafety, maintain adequate management of protected areas and restore ecosystems, as they have effectively in terms of conservation.
However, through a statement from the international agency, Simon Stuart, Chair of the Commission Species Survival clarifies that Colombia and Ecuador appear with negative values in the index of the Red List, “in part because there are countries megadiverse with a high number of species and inevitably have more species threatened, compared to many others.”
In fact, is part of a list of 17 countries inhabited by some 70% of the planet’s biodiversity. The importance of this study is that it provides information on conservation mechanisms from public policies to conserve the habitat of the species.
However, according to IUCN, there are situations that are beyond the scope of this type of intervention, such as diseases that affect some types of vertebrates and are the cause of which are endangered.
The Minister of Environment of Ecuador, Lorena Tapia, sent a statement explaining that the country works through the National System of Protected Areas in care and safeguarding of endangered species. Then there are other initiatives such as the promotion of reforestation with native species through programs like Socio Bosque or Forest Restoration in most vulnerable ecosystems.
The goal is to “nullify the deforestation rate estimated to 2017”. As part of these plans, the Environment Ministry has projected planting 500,000 hectares by 2017.
The official also highlights the finding of an amphibian species Andinophryne olallaique, which had not been seen for 42 years and I thought extinct, but it recently occurred in Imbabura.
IUCN accompanies the countries listed in the Red List, not only in the case of vertebrates but all kinds of species, designed to meet Aichi Target 12, which seeks to prevent the extinction of species that have been cataloged in works endangered. This is part of 20 goals for biodiversity, grouped under five strategic goals through 2020, which were established in Japan in the tenth Conference of the Parties.
This agreement is to find mechanisms that protect biodiversity and the environment, as a contribution to poverty eradication. IUCN has done workshops with countries such as Ecuador, Colombia, Argentina or Uruguay, for example.
In addition, he has supported the country to produce red books (species at risk) specifically in the case of mammals and birds. The countries listed on the red list should invest in long-term preservation, explained Stuart Butchart, from the BirdLife International organization and one of the study investigators.
Source | http://www.elcomercio.com