The native fauna and flora may be affected before the advance of the farming activity on the boundaries of Chaco National Park (PNDCh). The food chain would be cut with the increase of traffic and fumigation.
Skunks and deers frequent the perimeter road of the Chaco National Park during the day, avoiding mosquitoes and looking for food. At dusk, depart in herds the tapirs and wild pigs, as well as the jaguar.
Wildlife is intense up to around the Chaco reserve, in the Alto Paraguay municipality.
However, this biodiversity can be interrupted with the exponential growth in livestock and agricultural activity in the area, warns Silvino González, who cares this national park for 37 years.
“With soybean planting we will have problem of loss of habitat, endangered animals like the monkey Callithrix argentata (who lives alone in areas where there are legumes), the jaguar, among others.
A few years ago it was conducted an ecological monitoring in Agua Dulce -at northeastern of the PNDCh- where it was growing cotton, and found no more native insects.
According to the park management plan, the buffer zone covers an area of 5 km around the perimeter off the reservation. This belt can be used only for pasture, not for agriculture.
“The complete clearing can not be done,” he stresses. This is an issue that must be considered in case of renewed management plan. “it should not be allowed that soy is grown because we will have problems on both sides.” The cultivation of oilseed, 100% GM in the country, necessarily required to be fumigated with powerful pesticides.
“With the fumigation many insects and animals will be killed, and there already begins to break the food chain,” he says.
Silvino is not exaggerating when he repeats that truck traffic and transport of cattle “today is impressive.” And if perimeter roads were asphalted “We will have more pressure and may have mortality of animals for speeding or, increased poaching” he adds.
It can occur as a silent extermination of the most vulnerable species, according to the ranger, it almost four decades devoted his life to caring the park of 720,000 hectares.
At the same time, concerned that while the neighboring ranches are wiring their plots, which prevents the passage of the largest wildlife.
This emphasizes that the country’s economic interest runs counter to the conservation of biodiversity.
Source | http://www.ultimahora.com