President Donald Trump wants to build a wall between the United States and Mexico, monitored and supported with the will to prevent illegal immigration, drug trafficking and human trafficking.
There are also issues with walls and fences that have already constructed along across 600 scattered miles of the U.S.-Mexico border, blocking approximately 49 species from accessing part of their natural habitat, placing species in danger and resulting in off-balance or destroyed ecosystems.
If this expansion of the barrier were to happen, the environmental effects would be devastating: The survival could be compromised — along with the lives of thousands of wild animals, including endangered species, who call the contentious area home.
“It is important to ensure that animals have the ability to travel across wild landscapes,” David Steen, assistant research professor at Auburn University Museum of Natural History, told recently. “Movement is important to maintain gene flow among populations and it can also help species recolonize areas where they’ve gone locally extinct.”
Some of the animals the U.S. and Mexico have teamed up to help have already started to make a comeback.
“Under the Endangered Species Act, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and other agencies have reintroduced the endangered Mexican wolf to states like New Mexico, and they are monitoring the recovery of jaguar populations in the United States,” Jon Beckmann, a scientist at the Wildlife Conservation Society’s North America Program, wrote in an op-ed for the New York Times. “Ocelots, too, appear to be moving from Mexico back to ranges they once occupied north of the border.”
Trump’s proposed cement and concrete wall — which would stretch along the full 1,989-mile border, be as high as 55 feet and be built “very inexpensively” — would rewind this progress.
“Many species undertake seasonal migrations to take advantage of changing conditions and find suitable areas for foraging or reproduction,” Steen said. “It is easy to imagine how building a structure that restricts animal movement will result in numerous negative consequences for wild creatures.”
The wall would greatly impact the animals who traverse the boundary to survive and have families. It’s estimated that 111 endangered species could suffer as a result Trump’s wall, as well as 108 species of migratory birds.
Also, when environmental hardship strikes — like drought — the animals need to be able to roam to find water. A wall wouldn’t allow for that.
“In key locations … fencing seriously hampers the movement of predators and migratory animals,” Beckmann wrote. “For species like wolves and jaguars, which need to range widely between habitats that are susceptible to drought, this is a grave threat to survival.”
Drought is becoming more and more of a problem — and it indicates a global climate disaster. But Trump also denies larger environmental problems — like the ones affecting the entire planet.
(In fact, global warming threatens to wipe out thousands of species. The first mammal has already gone extinct due to climate change — and many more are on the brink.).
Trump has also suggested that he’d dismantle the Environmental Protection Agency, the government sector that aims to protect human health by trying to reduce pollution. “Environmental protection — we waste all of this money,” Trump said in February.
Via | http://www.thedodo.com