Peru: deforestation slowing as it beefs up laws, sanctions

Deforestation in Peru has slowed since peaking at nearly 180,000 hectares (700 square miles) in 2014 when swaths of the Amazon were illegally cleared for oil palm plantations, the head of the country’s forest service said recently.

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Communities brace for impact of Peruvian oil spill|Video

Recently residents who helped block the spill’s advance say they saw oil several kilometers down the ravine below the point where the Northern Peruvian Pipeline broke. They say rain washed some of the oil out of the ravine and into a palm swamp.

Peru Faces Tensions Over Water

Peru will face a “new normal” as greater agricultural and energy demands, population growth and climate change chip away at what is left of its glaciers, according to a recent article in the Yale Journal of International Affairs. Glacial retreat could ultimately lead to conflict in the country, the author found.

El Nino’s effect on Peru

El Nino is triggered by a change in wind speed across the Pacific. The prevailing winds usually flow from east to west, which pushes the warm surface waters of the tropical Pacific Ocean towards Indonesia. This allows cool water to well up around the coast of South America. The cool water is rich in nutrients and fish, providing rich pickings for the Peruvian fishing industry.

Pollution shadows still threaten to Lake Titicaca

Population growth and the expansion of unregulated mining activity have increasingly contaminated the 8,300-square-kilometer (3,200-square-mile) lake. But as the population around the lake has expanded over the last 30 years, so has the amount of human and industrial waste – and there are growing calls for the tide of pollution to be stemmed.